Diabetes is a disease characterised by an abnormal rise in blood sugar levels. It is considered one of the major epidemics of the 21st century.
people with diabetes in the world in 2021
diabetics are unaware of their condition according to the IDF Atlas 2021
percent of patients have poorly regulated blood sugar levels
Diabetes is a serious and chronic disease that occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin or cannot effectively use the insulin it produces.
Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas. Its role is to keep blood sugar levels stable. When blood sugar levels rise, for example after a meal, insulin helps lower the glycemia to bring blood sugar levels back to normal.
Insulin also enables the body’s cells to take up the sugar circulating in the blood according to their needs (for example, muscle cells need it during physical effort) and use it to convert it into energy. If necessary, insulin allows the unused sugar to be stored.
Therefore, insufficient or ineffective insulin leads to an accumulation of sugar in the blood and an excessive increase in blood sugar levels (hyperglycaemia). If left untreated, this hyperglycaemia is maintained at too high a level: it is this chronic hyperglycaemia that defines diabetes.
5-10% of all diabetes cases are type 1
No or very low insulin production when the beta cells in the pancreas cannot produce it properly
Usually diagnosed between the ages of 0 and 40 Mainly young children or teenagers
Fasting blood glucose measurement (in g of glucose per litre of blood):
Redundant foot problems
At present, there is no cure for type 1 diabetes. However, there are treatments to normalize it, but the ultimate goal is to develop treatments that allow the person to live as normal a daily life as possible, with a normal body weight, preventing acute problems (hypoglycaemia or hyperglycaemia) and reducing the risk of long-term complications.